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Joseph Samuel C. F. Frey

1771-1850

Joseph and Benjamin

Volume I

Scholar and Jewish Believer
in Yeshua HaMashiach

PART IV
Jesus of Nazareth the Promised Messiah

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Summary of Contents

Letter 1
Introduction

Predictions fulfilled in Jesus. That there has been such a person as Jesus. Why called Jesus of Nazareth. Charge against the Evangelist Matthew refuted.

Letter 2
Jesus Came at the Time Predicted

The true Shiloh. Born before the tribe of Judah ceased. The gathering of the people. Inference. Prophecy of Haggai and Malachi. Daniel's prediction. Jesus is the Anointed. The Prince. Quotation from Dr. Scott. Inference. Attempt to build the temple.

Letter 3
The Nativity of the Messiah

The subject mysterious. Union of the two natures necessary. Dr. Priestly's assertion refuted. Believed under the Old Testament. In our Lord's time. Acknowledged by modern Rabbins. Proved from Scripture. His descent. The nation. The tribe. The family. Objection answered. Testimony from the Rabbins that Jesus was the Son of David. Kidder's observation. Jewish circular letter to omit in their writings everything about Jesus. Remarkable preservation of the genealogy of Judah. The individual parent. No earthly father. But of a virgin. Isa. 7:14 fulfilled in Jesus.

Letter 4
Objections Answered

The genealogy of Christ important. The genealogy of Matthew and Luke considered. Oxlee's letter on the subject. The genealogy of Mary. Objection against the miraculous conception. The reality proved. The mystery no reasonable objection.

Letter 5
Predictions of Several Circumstances Connected with the Birth of the Messiah, Fulfilled in Jesus of Nazareth

The place of his birth. Divine worship from angels. Appearance of a star. Children slain. Preservation of the Messiah.

Letter 6
The Character of the Messiah

Isa. 11:2-5. Zech. 9:9. Applied to the Messiah by the Rabbins. Fulfilled in Jesus. Bishop Newcomb.

Letter 7
Messiah's Credentials

Various. Unction. Typified and predicted. To be anointed with the Holy Ghost. Declarations from heaven. Testimony of John the Baptist. Messiah was to have a harbinger. This is evident from prophecies. Testimony of the Rabbins. From questions put by the messengers to John. John is that harbinger. From the testimony of angels. Zechariah. John himself. The Evangelists. Jesus Christ. Exact fulfillment of the prediction. Similarity between John and Elijah. His office. Calamities which would follow. His mode and design of baptism.

Letter 8
Messiah's Miracles

Messiah was to perform miracles. Proved from Scripture. From our nation. Jesus Christ wrought miracles. Not by Beelzebub. Not by the Shem Hamphoresh. Design of his miracles to prove his Divinity. To prove his mission. This justifies our belief in him as the Messiah. Comparison between the miracles of Moses and Christ. Greatness. Number. Variety. Manner. Utility. Publicity. Giving power to others to work miracles.

Letter 9
Jesus the Prophet

Messiah was to be a Prophet. Proved from Scripture. From the expectation of the people. From the Rabbins. Messiah a Prophet like unto Moses. Not applicable to Jeremiah. Jesus is that Prophet. Proved from the testimony of the Apostles. From the striking similarity. From the fulfilment of the threatening. Predictions respecting the prophetical office. Predictions delivered by Christ. The manner in which he executed the office. Different periods.

Letter 10
Priestly Office of the Messiah--First, Origin of Sacrifices

Importance. Origin. Typified and predicted. Ps. 110 considered. Its matter. Penman. Relates to the Messiah. Opinion of S. M. refuted. Different parts of the Priestly office. Antiquity of sacrifices. Quotation from Dr. Owen. From Witrius.

Letter 11
The Subject Continued

Authority for sacrifices. Not a human invention. Not the effect of the light of nature. Not as gifts. Not federal rites. But a religious act of worship. Confession of sin. Could therefore not be a human invention. Not rational. Would be will-worship. Extract from Dr. Magee. The sacrifice of Cain and Abel. Heb. 11:4 considered. The Pharisee and Publican. Distinction of clean and unclean animals. Magee.

Letter 12
Design of Sacrifices

Taught the nature of death. The death of the Messiah. To seal the promise to Adam. Quotation from Dr. Owen. Dr. Randolph. Re-appointment of sacrifices. To make atonement. Proved from Scripture. From the laying on of hands. From the opinion of our ancient Rabbins. Also from the modern. Prayer before killing the cock. This ceremony, though a human invention, confirms the truth. Summary account of the sentiments of the Rabbins. Sacrifices could not atone. Declared in Scripture. Acknowledged by the Rabbins. Two-fold design. Israel considered as sinners and sacrifices as types. Dr. Brown. When considered in a political relation, then sacrifice did atone. The Mosaic economy not in compliance with Heathenish customs. Sacrifices as ancient as Adam. Jews forbidden to imitate the heathen. Jewish ceremonies in opposition to heathen rites. Dr. Belsham. Woodwards. Allen.

Letter 13
The Vicarious Sufferings and Death of the Messiah Predicted As Well As Typified

His sufferings vicarious. Ps. 22 considered. Isa. 52, 53 relate to the Messiah. Proved. Recapitulation. Not applicable to king Josiah. Nor Jeremiah. Nor to Messiah ben Joseph. Nor to the sufferings of our nation. Dr. Montalto's tract on this chapter confuted. His closing observation too true. This whole prediction applied to the Messiah by the Rabbins. Hence it is evident that his sufferings are vicarious.

Letter 14
Jesus a Priest and Sacrifice

Jesus answers all that was excellent in Aaron. His person. His descent and qualifications. Taken from among men. Called to the office. Superiority of his call. His garments. Consecration. Office of the High Priest. His sacrifice had respect to God. Its nature. He offered both body and soul. The altar was his Divine nature.

Letter 15
The Sacrifice of Christ Vicarious

The design of his sacrifice. Not merely to confirm his doctrine. But in our stead and room. If Christ did not die in our stead, then he is not the Messiah. The Scriptures plainly teach it. The persons for whom Christ died. Quotation from Dr. Bogue.

Letter 16
The Effects of Christ's Death

The difficulties removed and all blessings procured. In regard to Jehovah. To Christ. To his people. Exposition on Heb. 2:44,45. Sentiments of the Rabbins with respect to death. Appeal to Benjamin on the subject. David Levi's criticism refuted in a note.

Letter 17
Crucifixion of Christ

Messiah was to suffer from the multitude. The soldiers. His friends. Betrayed by Judas. To be forsaken by all his disciples. From his own Father. Predictions relating to his death. The peculiar death he was to die. Typified. Predicted. The time of his death. The place.

Letter 18
The Burial of Christ

Numbered with transgressors. Cast lot about his vesture. His behavior under his sufferings. Intercession for transgressors. Gall and vinegar. No bone broken. His side pierced. Buried by a rich man, but his grave surrounded by wicked soldiers.

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