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Joseph Samuel C. F. Frey


Joseph and Benjamin

Volume I

Scholar and Jewish Believer
in Yeshua HaMashiach Click here for Volume II

Why Read This Book



Joseph Samuel Christian Frederick Frey was born in Germany of Jewish parents--and simply as Joseph Levi. He was a Jewish believer in Yeshua (Jesus) and founded several organizations to present Yeshua as the Messiah of Israel to the Jewish people.

Apparently, Joseph Frey broke from the London Missionary Society, founded in 1795, due to some disagreements, and in 1809 he formed the London Society for Promoting Christianity Amongst the Jews (which later came to be known as The Church's Ministry Among the Jewish People or CMJ), and one of the earliest Messianic congregations. Coming to America, he founded in 1820 The American Society for Meliorating the Condition of the Jews. This work was short-lived but was instrumental in starting a number of Hebrew Christian congregations in this country.

The young Joseph Levi was raised in a strictly observant home and then studied to become a rabbi, which office he held, in addition to Reader in the synagogue, for seven years. But then he became convinced that Jesus was the Messiah. In 1799 he devoted his life to ministering to the Jewish people. He pursued further studies in Berlin, Prussia, and finally England. From 1805 to 1816 he ministered in London and then moved to the United States. He pastored a congregation in New York until 1823, resigning the pastorate to work with The American Society for Meliorating the Condition of the Jews until 1828. From that point on he traveled and preached throughout America.

Rev. Frey also had a scholarly ministry and published a book on Hebrew grammar that went through many editions. He also published a Hebrew and English dictionary of all the Hebrew and Aramaic words in the Tanakh (Old Testament), tracing all the words to their roots and giving their significations.

The book we have reproduced here, Joseph and Benjamin, has the subtitle, A Series of Letters on the Controversy Between Jews and Christians: Comprising the Most Important Doctrines of the Christian Religion, 7th ed. (New York: Daniel Fanshaw, 1840). Released in two large volumes, this page contains Volume I. Volume II is found here.

The book is structured as a series of letters from Joseph Frey to his brother Benjamin. Although he really did have a brother named Benjamin, he "addressed these letters to Benjamin, my own brother, merely as a representative of all my Jewish brethren..." In Volume I, these letters are grouped into four parts, as indicated in the column on the right. Clicking one of the four parts will open another page with links to each of the letters in that part.

The material in these two volumes was originally a series of lectures he presented many times with many revisions and enlargements throughout the years. It was not until 1935 that he organized this material in the form of these letters and published them.

It is quite apparent from these letters that Joseph Frey had a thorough knowledge of rabbinic writings, both ancient and modern, as well as the writings of Christian scholars. However, the style of writing, though from the early 1800s, is not difficult to read.

Part I
The Necessity of a Mediator

Part II
The Divine Appointment of a Mediator

Part III
Messiah Must Have Come Long Since

Part IV
Jesus of Nazareth the Promised Messiah

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