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Joseph Samuel C. F. Frey


Joseph and Benjamin

Volume I

Scholar and Jewish Believer
in Yeshua HaMashiach

The Necessity of a Mediator


Summary of Contents
by Jeseph Frey


[Background regarding the publishing of this work.]

Letter 1

A letter from my own brother Benjamin inquiring into the reasons of my embracing the Christian Religion. Importance of the question. Nature of true religion. Duty of renouncing error. The Bible the only rule of our creed. Origin of my conversion. Examination of the sacred Scriptures concerning the Messiah. Doubts about the truth of the Bible. Examination of the evidences of the Scriptures too much neglected.

Letter 2
Observations on Divine Revelation

Advantages of the Missionary Seminary at Gosport, England. The possibility of a Divine Revelation. The necessity. The willingness of God to make a revelation.

Letter 3
Evidences of a Divine Revelation

The Bible. Why called a Testament. Division of the Bible. Internal evidences. Matter. Style. Harmony. Influence.

Letter 4
Continuation of the Subject

External evidences. Character of the penmen. Their qualifications. Motives. Many in number and lived in different periods. Miracles. Prophecies. The reception the Bible has met with. Its efficacy. Antiquity.

Letter 5
On Reading the Scriptures

Arguments. The source of the Bible. Its contents. The examples of the saints. The command of God. The consequences. Directions. Read with love and esteem. Humble and teachable dispostions. Serious and holy reverence. Fervent prayer. Proper motives. Proper method.

Letter 6
The Controversy between Jews and Christians Stated

My articles of faith. Whether Jesus is the Messiah. How to decide the question. Why the Jews rejected Jesus. Importance of pointing out the necessity of a Mediator.

Letter 7
The Creation of Man

The creation of our first parents. Man the noblest creature on earth. The image of God wherein man was created. Knowledge. Righteousness. Holiness. Dominion.

Letter 8
The Covenant, or Law of Works

The nature of a covenant. The mode of making it. The covenant made with Adam. Definition. This covenant a matter of pure revelation. Distinction between a moral and positive law. Contracting parties. Adam a federal head. Condition. The righteousness of it. Adam was able to fulfill it. The properties of his obedience. Adam in a probationary state. The sanction of the covenant. Death temporal. Spiritual and eternal.

Letter 9
The Fall of Man

God alone immutable. Man left to his own free will. Adam under obligations to obey. Human nature changed. The cause unknown by reason. But is revealed. This change properly called a Fall. The Tempter. Moved by envy and hatred. His subtlety and art in the temptation. Attacked the woman rather than the man. The instrument he used. The gradation of the temptation. The immediate effects on our first parents. The curse of the law. Loss of the image of God. Filled with guilt and shame. Driven out of Paradise. Hard labor. Pain and danger in child-bearing. Aggravation of their sin. Complication of sins.

Letter 10
Original Sin

A difficult subject. Its nature. The word not used in Scripture. Why called so. Depravity. Privation of all good. Propensity to evil. Incorporated in our very nature. Universal in the world. Degrees of it. Universal in the individual. Confirmation of the doctrine. From Scripture. Necessity of regeneration. From facts. From the misery in the world. Extracts from Dr. Bogue's lectures. How it is communicated.

Letter 11
Imputation of Adam's Sin

What imputation means. Proofs. From Scripture. Scope and design of Rom. 5:12-19. Adam a figure of Christ. The Apostle uses a variety of expressions. From facts. Sufferings and death of infants. Observation from Dr. Bates. From Jewish writers. They say that Adam was a federal head. That the punishment was death of body and soul. That death is the wages of sin. That his sin was imputed both in guilt and depravity. Depravity they call Yezer Hara.

Letter 12
The Subject Continued

Proofs from Christian writers. From the book of Homilies. From the Assembly's Catechism. Vindication of the doctrine. Testimony from Dr. Goodwine. From Justice Hale.

Letter 13
Misery of Fallen Man

Actual transgression increases guilt. Certainty of punishment. Nature of this misery. Communion with God lost. The wrath and curse of God incurred. The miseries of this life. Extensive and constant. External and internal. Death. And the pains of hell.

Letter 14
Man's Inability

Defined. Cannot procure pardon. Sacrifices could not atone. Nor is repentance sufficient. Oxlee's letter to S. M.

Letter 15
The Subject Continued

To expect pardon by repentance is unreasonable. Neither by reformation or future obedience. Nor by the ceremonial law. Nor by sufferings. Sanctification as necessary as justification. Proved from Scripture. Not in the power of man to effect it.

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